Các thì cơ bản là một trong những nội dung đầu tiên mà mỗi người học tiếng Anh cần phải nắm vững. Để ôn tập cách sử dụng 4 thì quá khứ, ICE xin gửi tới các bạn tổng hợp các bài tập vận dụng 4 thì quá khứ có đáp án.
Task 1: Choose the correct answer (Chọn đáp án đúng)
1. My brother and sister _____ playing tennis at 11 am yesterday.
a. are b. was c. were
2. _____ you still working at 7pm last night?
a. Were b. Are c. Was
3. When I arrived, they _____ for me. They were very angry with me.
a. waited b. had been waiting c. had waited
4. They _____ on the phone when the rain poured down.
a. was talking b. had talked c. had been talking
5. It _____ for two days before the storm came yesterday.
a. had been raining b. was raining c. rained
6. At 8.30 am today I _____ driving to work.
a. was b. am c. were
7. We _____ sleeping when the police came.
a. was b. weren’t c. won’t
8. When we came , the boy _____ loudly for 2 hours.
a. sang b. was singing c. had been singing
9. Why _____ he having lunch at 4 pm?
a. was b. does c. were
10. Yesterday, my brother said he _____ smoking for 2 months.
a. had stopped b. stopped c. had been stopping
11. Was he not ____ his homework?
a. doing b. do c. done
12. Snow ____ lightly. Suddenly a reindeer appeared.
a. fell b. was falling c. is falling
13. I told John not to drive, because he _____ all night.
a. was drinking b. had drunk c. had been drinking
14. Why did you change the channel? I ______ that movie.
a. watched b. was watching c. had watched
15. When I _____ out of the shower the lights _____.
a. had got/were getting off b. was getting/went off c. had been getting/had got off
16. When I saw Clara I realised that she ______ much in all those years.
a. didn’t change b. wasn’t changing c. hadn’t changed
17. When he entered the room somebody _____ him in the head.
a. hit b. was hitting c. had hit
18. He admitted that he ______ all the money from the box.
a. took b. was taking c. had taken
19. The burglar _____ to open the safe when he _____ the owner come in.
a. was trying/heard b. had been trying/had heard c. tried/was hearing
20. I knew he _____ because his eyes were red.
a. cried b. was crying c. had been crying
Task 2: Fill in the blanks (Điền vào chỗ trống)
- It was very noisy next door. Our neighbours ____ (have) a party.
- We were good friends. We ____ (know) each other for years.
- They ____ (come) back home after they ____ (finish) their work.
- At this time last year, they _____ (build) this house.
- John and I went for a walk. I had difficulty keeping up with him because he ____ (walk) so fast
- She said that she ____ (meet) Mr. Bean before.
- Sue was sitting on the ground. She was out of breath. She ____ (run).
- I _____ (drive) my car very fast when you called me.
- When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table with their mouths full. They ____ (eat).
- My sister ____ (read) books while my brother ____ (play) football yesterday afternoon.
Task 3: Rewrite the sentences so that the meanings remain the same (Viết lại câu sao cho nghĩa không đổi)
1. David had gone home before we arrived. – After ………………………………………………………………………………………………
2. We had lunch then we took a look around the shops. – Before ……………………………………………………………………………………
3. The light had gone out before we got out of the office. – When …………………………………………………………………………………….
4. After she had explained everything clearly, we started our work. – By the time …………………………………………………………………………….
5. My father had watered all the plants in the garden by the time my mother came home. – Before ……………………………………………………………………
Task 4: Complete the sentences for situations in the past. Decide which tense you need to use. (Hoàn thành các câu sau về các tình huống xảy ra trong quá khứ bằng thì thích hợp)
1. A plumber ____ (come) to our house yesterday. He ____ (want) to repair our washing machine that ____ (break) a few days before. Before he ____ (ring) at my door, he ____ (look) for a parking space for about ten minutes. While the plumber ____ (repair) the washing machine, I ____ (watch) the news. Suddenly, I ____ (realise) that they ____ (show) our street on TV. The reporter ____ (say) that a car ____ (crash) into a stop sign just before reaching the crossroads. While I ____ (listen) carefully to what ____ (happen), someone ____ (knock) at my door. I ____ (open) the door and ____ (see) a police officer standing there. He ____ (ask) for the plumber. As it ____ (turn) out, it ____ (be) our plumber’s car that ____ (roll) down the street. In his haste, the plumber ____ (forget) to put the handbrake on.
- plumber (n): người thợ sửa ống nước
- washing machine (n): máy giặt
- parking space (n): chỗ đỗ xe
- reporter (n): phóng viên
- crash into (phrasal verb): tông vào
- crossroad (n): ngã tư
- police officer (n): cảnh sát
- turn out (phrasal verb): hóa ra là
- haste (n): sự vội vàng
- handbrake (n): phanh tay
2. We thought that we were on the right path when suddenly we ____ (run into) a very familiar rock and ____ (realise) that we ____ (walk) in circles for quite a long time. We ____ (be) totally lost, and the fact that we ____ (already/finish) our water provisions wasn’t very promising. We ____ (decide) to go uphill because according to John, it would be easier to spot a way out from an elevated point. He ____ (learn) that from a documentary he ____ (see) about survival. But what the documentary ____ (not teach) John was that maybe it’s not such a good idea to go up a mountain when you are exhausted and waterless. We ____ (trek) one mile when we ____ (start) to have a horrible feeling that that might be our last trek. Of course, we ____ (not say) anything, but we could see in each other’s eyes that at that precise moment we ____ (think) precisely the same. We couldn’t walk any longer, so we ____ (decide) to sit and rest, quietly, because neither of us wanted to share any of our gloomy thoughts. “Hello, can I help you?” we suddenly ____ (hear). We ____ (raise) our heads and ____ (see) a little man with slanted eyes and a childish grin. He ____ (stand) right next to us. I wondered where he ____ (come) from and how long he ____ (stand) there. But it didn’t matter really, because we were safe.
- path (n): con đường
- run into (phrasal verb): gặp
- provision (n): sự dự phòng
- promising (adj): hứa hẹn
- uphill (adj/adv): đường dốc, lên dốc
- spot (v): tìm thấy, nhận ra
- elevated (adj): cao
- documentary (n): phim tài liệu
- exhausted (adj): kiệt sức, mệt mỏi
- trek (n/v): đi bộ đường dài
- mile (n): dặm. 1 dặm bằng khoảng 1,6 km
- precise (adj): chính xác
- gloomy (adj): u ám, mờ mịt, tối tăm
- slanted eyes (noun phrase): mắt xếch
- childish (adj): trẻ con
- grin (n): cười toét miệng
- wonder (v): tự hỏi
- were having
- had known
- came – had finished
- were building
- was walking
- had met
- had been running
- was driving
- were eating
- was reading – played
- After David had gone home, we arrived.
- Before we took a look around the shops, we had had lunch.
- When we got out of the office, the light had gone out.
- By the time we started our work, she had explained everything clearly.
- Before my mother came home, my father had watered all the plants in the garden.
- A plumber came to our house yesterday. He wanted to repair our washing machine that had broken a few days before. Before he rang at my door, he had been looking for a parking space for about ten minutes. While the plumber was repairing the washing machine, I was watching the news. Suddenly, I realised that they were showing our street on TV. The reporter said that a car had crashed into a stop sign just before reaching the crossroads. While I was listening carefully to what had happened, someone knocked at my door. I opened the door and saw a police officer standing there. He asked for the plumber. As it turned out, it was our plumber’s car that had rolled down the street. In his haste, the plumber had forgotten to put the handbrake on.
- We thought that we were on the right path when suddenly we ran into a very familiar rock and realised that we had been walking in circles for quite a long time. We were totally lost, and the fact that we had already finished our water provisions wasn’t very promising. We decided to go uphill because according to John, it would be easier to spot a way out from an elevated point. He had learnt that from a documentary he had seen about survival. But what the documentary hadn’t taught John was that maybe it’s not such a good idea to go up a mountain when you are exhausted and waterless. We had trekked one mile when we started to have a horrible feeling that that might be our last trek. Of course, we didn’t say anything, but we could see in each other’s eyes that at that precise moment we were thinking precisely the same. We couldn’t walk any longer, so we decided to sit and rest, quietly, because neither of us wanted to share any of our gloomy thoughts. “Hello, can I help you?” we suddenly heard. We raised our heads and saw a little man with slanted eyes and a childish grin. He was standing right next to us. I wondered where he had come from and how long he had been standing there. But it didn’t matter really, because we were safe.